The Fred Hollows Foundation and the Kenya Ophthalmic Programme have established that out of the 250,000 cases of blindness in Kenya, cataracts are responsible for 107, 000 of them. These statistics can be replicated in other parts of the world where cataracts are the leading cause of blindness.

Medically, a cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens. Anyone with cataracts can be likened to one who is trying to see through a frosty window. Due to the clouded vision, it becomes more difficult to undertake tasks that require the use of the sense of sight. Cataracts are mainly associated with old age but they can also be caused by other eye and medical conditions such as diabetes, trauma or past eye surgery. Long-term use of steroid medications is another possible cause of cataracts.

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Published in July 2014