Pregnancy is a sensitive period. One of the most important things during this period is food intake. During pregnancy the body becomes systematic and is able to imbibe more of the nutrients you eat. Expectant women crave for a variety of food but they should be careful what to eat and not to eat, and also take food moderately. When expectant, there are indispensable nutrients, minerals and vitamins that your unborn baby needs. Most of the foods we take are safe, although there are some of the foods to avoid during pregnancy.
Raw fish, mostly shellfish, can cause several infections. These can be viral and bacterial and can affect the mother by leaving her dehydrated and frail. Some infections can affect unborn baby too.
Raw eggs are among the foods to avoid during pregnancy. They can be contaminated with botulism. Botulism is a rare and potentially fatal illness caused by a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The symptoms of the disease are weakness, blurred vision, feeling tired, and trouble speaking. However, in rare cases, the infection may cause cramps in the uterus, that may result in stillbirth. Some of the food that contain raw eggs include poached eggs, scrambled eggs, cake icings, homemade ice cream and mayonnaise.
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Caffeine can be taken but too much of it could cause birth complications. Pregnant women are advised to limit their caffeine intake to about 2–3 cups of coffee in a day. Any amount more than that during pregnancy can limit foetal growth and even lead to low birth weight.
During pregnancy, you may crave for salty foods especially in the first three months. Pregnancy already makes you liable to swelling and water withholding, and too much sodium only makes those conditions even worse. Keep your salt and general sodium intake low.