Bacteria that enters the urinary system and multiplies inside the bladder causes Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs). The most common symptoms of a recurrent UTI include; urinating frequently, experiencing a burning sensation when urinating, urine that has a strong smell and feeling the urge to urinate but nothing comes out.
UTIs mostly affect women because of their anatomy. First, their urethra is located near the rectum. Thus, bacteria from the rectum can enter the urethra if they wipe from back to front instead of front to back.
Secondly, urethra in females is shorter than those in males. This means the bacteria only have to travel a short distance to reach the bladder before they start multiplying. According to National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 1 out of 4 women suffer from recurrent UTIs.
Moreover, UTIs can spread to the kidneys and cause major complications if they are ignored for a long period of time.
Some of the ways you can prevent the recurrence of UTI include;
Taking medication as prescribed by the doctor
The surest way of curing UTIs is to go to a doctor, get tested and put on medication. It’s the best way of preventing UTIs from recurring.
Not holding urine in bladder for long hours
Urinate when the need arises. Bacteria will grow in the bladder if the urine is kept inside for too long. Urinating immediately after sex is also important because it helps to flush out bacteria that may have entered the urethra during intercourse.
Drinking a lot of water
Drinking the recommended 8 glasses of water a day will help to flush out bacteria that may be in the urinary tract. According to one study conducted, drinking plenty of water reduces the risk of getting urinary tract infections.
Women should wipe themselves from front to back
Infection causing bacteria live in the rectum. Wiping from front to back prevents the spread of bacteria from the rectum to the urethra and into the bladder.
Avoid using some birth control methods such as spermicides and diaphragms
Diaphragms press into the bladder and prevent it from being fully emptied during urination. The urine that remains in the bladder may begin to grow bacteria. According to this medical study,women who used diaphragms had a higher risk of getting UTI.
Wear underwear made of cotton
Clothes that are too tight will trap moisture and bacteria thrive in moist areas. Wear loose clothes and cotton underwear to allow circulation of air around the urethra and keep it dry.